Article III of the U.S. Constitution created the Supreme Court and authorized congress to create a system of lower courts. This is the foundation for our federal court structure as we know it today. It includes 94 District Courts, which compromise 13 Circuit Court’s of Appeals, which the U.S. Supreme Court is the court of last resort for.
But you may be asking yourself, how does a case end up before the Supreme Court?
Well, the justices on the Supreme Court get to choose what cases they hear. It requires four of the Nine justices to agree to grant a Writ of Certiorari, which means the court will hear your case and make a ruling. A case can end up before the justices to vote on through Original jurisdiction, on appeal from a state supreme court, or by going through the federal court system described above through the appeals process.